# Montessori Materials and Their Basic Functions

It is true that without the necessary Montessori Material, conducting the Montessori activities with their full efficiency is extremely difficult. Montessori methods were developed to let the children learn about the different concepts and lessons in a rather fun and practical way. It is an efficient way for the children to test their imagination and problem-solving capabilities. The design of the Montessori materials ensures that the child can develop a self-learning attitude and develop an interest in the different concepts to build a strong foundational understanding of the subjects. From preschool to kindergarten, these Montessori materials come in different forms which are suitable for different age groups.

Usually, these games are set on an open shelf so that the kids can take what seems most interesting to them. After completing one of the materials and understanding the principles along with it, the child can choose the next challenge for himself. The materials are designed in such a way that they act as games and work on the self-correcting principle. This helps the children to point out any mistakes they might have committed while solving the material and correct it without any external help.

Exploring the different materials and ways to solve the different puzzles hones the logical reasoning skills in the kids too. These methods are meant to catapult learning activities by using the childâ€™s curiosity as a tool. But for these materials to give best results, it is imperative that the teacher has the in-depth understanding of the concepts and understands the learning objectives of each Montessori activity. The different kinds of Montessori materials available are

• Mathematical Materials: Learning to play with numbers and its basic applications is what such equipment can teach you. In the initial stages all the materials and equipment focus on only one concept and aspect of mathematics, but it is designed in such a way that the child is able to understand the relationship between all the different concepts. Different models and basic concepts could be penned down by the child on paper for better understanding.
• Sensory Equipment: These equipment helps the child to use basic logic to differentiate and classify objects. This tests the ability of the child to classify objects according to shades and colors, or place the objects according to its size or grade. The child can make multiple mistakes and still can retrace his path back as the objects can point out the error.
• Practical and Moral: These kinds of activities teach the moral aspects of the Montessori curriculum like kindness and courtesy.
• Language Material: Usually, teaching words and their meaning to children has been considered an act of cramming and mugging up. But Montessori materials ensure that the child can understand the meaning of the world, its applications, and concept behind it. Many of the activities and materials also teaches the different symbols and their meaning in an interesting fashion.

All these equipment make sure that the child is able to learn on his own and on the speed with which he is comfortable with.